After talking about globalization and art, we decided to analyze the connections between globalization, culture, and creativity. Does worldwide cultural unification kill creativity? Globalization gives rise to one and the same matrix to create different products, so that the unique value of any product, business or piece of art is reduced and not subjected to the inexorable process of worldwide integration. Our research in culturology will let students understand cultural processes better and make out which creativity is needed to invent something new. Globalization influences the national identity, but is it always done in a bad way? For more info on culturology and globalization – click here!
Creativity and Culturology
Globalization has become a strong side of social development; it concerns not only politics, economics, law, but also such spheres as education, arts, and science, which are very significant as well. Media influence, international economic relations and businesses, big corporations and global market integrate into the global system, giving the world such modern issue as cultural globalization.
International communication develops and consequently destroys boundaries between different cultures and historical backgrounds. This causes various international issues, as worldwide integration can absorb a national culture and turn it into an international one. Many people regard this as a loss of national values and advocate the revival of national culture.
Democracy and Culturology
The Mexico Declaration is based on the understanding that the culture is created by society and therefore belongs to the whole society; a culture and the use of its benefits should not be the privilege of the elite. National identity should not be blurred by unification or a defined set of rules, distribution, and use of national heritage. It cannot be based on the social status and origin, sex, language, nationality, religion, membership in ethnic groups. Culture and culturology are something beyond the gender or nationality. Such democracy provides geographical and administrative decentralization of cultural issues, establishment of special centers across the country, and using them to satisfy the needs of the population in specific regions. We should be aware of such problems of international culture, as they may destroy the variety of art forms that were known by our ancestors.
Virtual museums, art galleries, libraries are the greatest repositories which can be accessed via the Internet, enabling us to see great works of art, regardless of their location. As a consequence, we gained an opportunity that definitely structured the human’s ability to standardize art as an industry.
Worldwide cultural integration is often associated with negative effects. However, unification enables diverse cultures to become more known, so they can go beyond ethnic or national limitations by becoming a part of something else. So is provided the principle of pluralism of cultures. For example, the Declaration of Mexico (UNESCO) on cultural policy formulates the basic principles of modern cultural policy. In such a way we can regulate some cultural processes.
The culture of every nation is a part of the world culture and an object of Culturology studies. This fact helps come up with several ideas. First, there should not be a distribution of “higher” and “lower” cultures. Every art form from every country should be considered equal to others. In such a way an organization supports every national identity and gives the same rights to each of them. One of the fundamental principles of cultural policy is the principle of unity and diversity of cultures. This principle means that the world sophistication is the result of the cultural creativity of all people.
The next principle you should be aware of is that any program of human development should include the necessary criteria of culturology. The issue may include such spheres as economics, sociology and political science, plus scientific and technological studies. We must not forget that the mankind is the start and the ultimate goal of development. The purpose of human development is not to increase the production, income, and consumption, but to introduce the possibility of improving individual, spiritual needs. It will give the society more opportunities for self-education and self-development.